Electronics

Make an anti procrastination box – with Arduino

I had a spare segment display and wondered about what I could make out of it. Hence was born the idea of the anti-procrastination box : for those of us who are a little too close to their smartphones but need to stay away from it from productivity reasons, put the phone in the box and set the interval during which the box ought to stay locked.

The parts:

  • 1 Arduino nano
  • 1 5v solenoid
  • 1 4 digit 7 segment display
  • 1 logic level mosfet (I used a TIP122G instead because it was lying around but it’s not the best choice at all)
  • 1 diode
  • 8 330ohms resistors
  • 2 270ohms resistors
  • 1 100ohms resistors
  • 2 push-buttons
  • electrical wire
  • fimo clay (or a 3d printer)

Circuit diagram:

The diagram represents the circuit when the top of the box is open : the arduino is viewed from the top whereas the back of the display is shown.
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The layout of the connections is far from ideal. I should have planned better but I recognized my mistake having already soldered half of the wires.

Afterwards, I think I should have added two components a switch to turn the arduino on and off and a buzzer to signify the end of the timer.

A pdf version is available here.

The code

The repository is here.

The code is written in C++ : I like to use classes, it keeps things all clean and readable. We are using 5 classes for this application:

  • Timer : handles the timer mechanism. Uses the internal clock of the arduino to keep track of the elapsing time.
  • Lock : deals with the solenoid by controlling the transistor. Can be either open or closed.
  • Button : state can be interrogated ; either held, pushed or released.
  • Display : controls the segment display. Used through its show() method which accepts any int between [0, 9999].
  • PinRegistry : where all the pin numbers are declared.

Soldering the components

We start by soldering the pins headers of the arduino nano.

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Testing and preparing the components :

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Soldering the resistors to the display connections :

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Meet the Arduinoctopus

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Soldering the connections to the display :

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Yay nothing burned yet !

Preparing the box

We need to cut a hole on top of the box in order to embed the display + the 2 buttons

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Ok it is not that straight…but since the box will be painted in black it should be ok (yeah I told myself that…). About that, let’s paint the box !

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Making the lock :

Since I don’t have a 3d printer, I used some fimo clay which was easy to re-model and glue. It does the job pretty well.

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We need to make a little triangular piece on which the solenoid will slide when the box is being closed. The solenoid will then relax itself under this piece, thus preventing the box from opening.

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We also need an L-shaped part to serve as a base for the solenoid.

Now to embed the circuit, tweak a few parameters and we’ll be all set !

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The result

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You can find a quick video of the box in action here.
I hope that you enjoyed this project and that it gave you some ideas in return. Please drop me a line if you want any explanation/if you have any critic or for a new tutorial idea !

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